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MBA共享笔记之英语语法概述(二)

[日期:2011-04-21] 来源:  作者:金雯 [字体: ]

第二节 语 态 

    被动语态常用于下列几种情况:

    一、动作的执行者无需指出或不明确时

    Printing was introduced into Europe from China.
    Rome was not built in a day.

 

    二、为了强调动作的承受者

    Four people were killed and thirty-one injured in the bomb attack.
    Susan was singled out for praise yesterday.

    三、为了修辞的需要

    He started to complain about this wicked world but was interrupted by a knock at the door.
    Yesterdayu he visited our university and was welcomed by the President.

[提示]

    1. 除及物动词外, 一些相当于及物动词的短语动词也可作用被动态形式, 除个别情况外, 短语动词一般不拆开使用。

    This matter will be dealt with as soon as possible.(短语)

    2. 不及物动词(或相当于一个不及物动词的短语动词)和表示状态的动词(或短语动词)无被动态形式, 如happen, rise, occur, take place, break out等; 以及lack, fit, suit, equal, become, resemble, befall, consist of,look like等。

    The story took place in 1949.

    3. 将主动态形式改为被动态形式时如遇到动词后跟双宾语的情况, 我们只能将其中之一变成主语, 另一个保持不变。当直接宾语变成主语时, 保持在原位的间接宾语前需加介词to。

    I gave my hasband a tie as a birthday pressent.
    →My hasband was given a tie as a birthday present.
    →A tie was given to my husband as a birthday present.

    Exercises 2 Choose the best answer to complete the following sentences:

    1. The professor was knowledgeable and eloquent and ___B_______ with enthusiasm.

      A. was always listened            B. was always listened to
      C. always was listened            D. always listened to

    2. He returned a week later and found his house ____D______ .

      A. has broken into                B. was broken into
      C. to be broken into              D. has been broken into

    3. The United Kingdom _____C_____ Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

      A. consisted of                    B. is consisted of
      C. consists of                    D. consist

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