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2010年GCT真题及答案分析 —— 外语

[日期:2011-06-27] 来源:  作者:金雯 [字体: ]

第四部分  外语运用能力测试(英语)

(50题,每题2分,满分100分)

Part One Vocabulary and Structure
Directions:
  There are ten incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
1. Making energy use completely harmless to the environment ____________ very difficult and usually economically expensive.
  A. is       
  B. are     
  C. have been
  D. shall be
2. ___________ no gravity, there would be no air around the earth, hence no life.
  A. If there had been         
  B. If there was
  C. Had there been           
  D. Were there
3. Some members of the committee suggested that the meeting
  A. being postponed           
  B. to be postponed
  C. be postponed           
  D. postponed
4. Is there anything else ___________ you want to get ready for the party this evening?
  A. which   
  B. who     
  C. that     
  D. what
5. Since any answer may bring ____________ to his government, the spokesman tried to avoid the question.
  A. commitment             
  B. embarrassment
  C. failure                 
  D. benefit
6. It is possible for a person to ___________ negative attitudes and gain healthy confidence needed to realize his or her dreams.
  A. get rid of                 
  B. get away with
  C. get out of               
  D. get along with
7. By the end of this term, the girls ____________ the basic rules of dinner party conversation.
  A. will learn               
  B. will have learned
  C. have learned               
  D. are learning
8. If you miss the cultural references ______________ a word, you're very likely to miss its meaning.
  A. below                 
  B. before
  C. beyond                 
  D. behind
9. I cannot _____________ your plan, for I see no money return for the pursuit.
  A. approve of               
  B. argue with
  C. turn down             
  D. give up
10. The thief was so ___________ by the bright lights and barking dogs that he left hastily.
  A. annoyed               
  B. frightened
  C. puzzled               
  D. disappointed

Part Two Reading Comprehension
Directions:
  In this part there are three passages and one table, each followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

Questions 11-15 are based on the following passage:
    Firefighters are often asked to speak to school and community groups about the importance of fire safety, particularly fire prevention and detection. Because smoke detectors reduce the risk of dying in a fire by half, firefighters often provide audiences with information on how to install these protective devices in their homes.
    Specifically, they tell them these things: A smoke detector should be placed on each floor of a home. While sleeping, people are in particular danger of an emergent fire, and there must be a detector outside each sleeping area. A good site for a detector would be a hallway that runs between living spaces and bedrooms.
    Because of the dead-air space that might be missed by hot air bouncing around above a fire, smoke detectors should be installed either on the ceiling at least four inches from the nearest wall, or high on a wall at least four, but no further than twelve, inches from the ceiling.
    Detectors should not be mounted near windows, entrances, or other places where drafts (过堂风) might direct the smoke away from the unit. Nor should they be placed in kitchens and garages, where cooking and gas fumes are likely to cause false alarms.
11. One responsibility of a firefighter is to ______________.
    A. install smoke detectors in residents' homes
    B. check if smoke detectors are properly installed
    C. develop fire safety programs for schools
    D. speak to residents about how to prevent fires
12. Compared with homes without smoke detectors, homes with them give their owners a 50% better chance of ____________.
    A. surviving a fire                B. preventing a fire
    C. detecting a hidden fire          D. not getting injured in a fire
13. A smoke detector must always be placed ____________.
    A. on any level of a home
    B. outside all bedrooms in a home
    C. in all hallways of a home
    D. in kitchens where fires are most likely to start
14. The passage implies that dead-air space is most likely to be found _______________.
    A. on a ceiling four inches away from a wall
    B. near an open window
    C. close to where a wall meets a ceiling
    D. in kitchens and garages
15. What is the focus of this passage?
    A. How firefighters carry out their responsibilities.
    B. The proper installation of home smoke detectors.
    C. The detection of dead-air space on walls and ceilings.
D. How smoke detectors prevent fires in homes.

Questions 16-20 are based on the following table:

                                  FIVE-DAY WEATHER 

TODAY

TOMORROW

SUNDAY

MONDAY

TUESDAY

High 29

Low 21

Variably

Cloudy

Sunrise:

6:35 a.m.

Sunset:

8:04 p.m.

High 28

Low 20

Mainly cloudy

with isolated

showers

ending in the

afternoon

Sunrise:

6:36 a.m.

Sunset:

8:02 p.m.

High 27

Low 19

Sunny with

cloudy periods

developing in

the afternoon

Sunrise:

6:38 a.m.

Sunset:

8:00 p.m.

High 26

Low 17

Thundershowers

(POP 80%)

Sunrise:

6:40 a.m.

Sunset:

7:57 p.m.

High 24

Low 16

Windy with

thundershowers

and possibly

storm in the

north

Sunrise:

6:42 a.m.

Sunset:

7:55 p.m.

16. Which day is best for a picnic based on the information in the table?
  A. Friday.               
  B. Saturday.
  C. Sunday.                 
  D. Monday.
17. What does "POP" probably mean?
  A. Places of presence.
  B. Patterns of presence.
  C. Period of presence.
  D. Probability of presence.
18. Disastrous weather may occur on
  A. Friday               
  B. Saturday
  C. Monday                 
  D. Tuesday
19. What trend can be found from the information given in the table?
  A. The days are becoming longer.
  B. The nights are getting longer.
  C. The days are growing wanner.
  D. The weather is turning better.
20. What day has the greatest temperature difference between day and night?
  A. Monday.               
  B. Tuesday.
  C. Saturday.               
  D. Sunday.

Questions 21-25 are based on the following passage:
    Tony Huesman, a heart transplant recipient (接受者) who lived a record 31 years with a single donated organ has died at age 51 of leukemia (白血病), but his heart still going strong. "He had leukemia," his widow Carol Huesman said, "His heart—believe it or not—held out. His heart never gave up until the end, when it had to."
    Huesman got a heart transplant in 1978 at Stanford University. That was just 11 years after the world's first heart transplant was performed in South Africa. At his death, Huesman was listed as the world's longest survivor of a single transplanted heart both by Stanford and the Richmond, Virginia-based United Network for Organ Sharing.
    "I'm a living proof of a person who can go through a life-threatening illness, have the operation and return to a productive life," Huesman told the Dayton Daily News in 2006.
    Huesman worked as marketing director at a sporting-goods store. He was found to have serious heart disease while in high school. His heart, attacked by a pneumonia (肺炎) virus, was almost four times its normal size from trying to pump blood with weakened muscles.
    Huesman's sister, Linda Huesman Lamb, also was stricken with the same problem and received a heart transplant in 1983. The two were the nation's first brother and sister heart transplant recipients. She died in 1991 at age 29.
    Huesman founded the Huesman Heart Foundation in Dayton, which seeks to reduce heart disease by educating children and offers a nursing scholarship in honor of his sister.
21. Tony Huesman died from ____________.
  A. heart failure
  B. heart transplant
  C. pneumonia
  D. non-heart-related disease
22. The phrase "held out" (Para. 1) probably means" _____________.
  A. failed suddenly
  B. functioned properly
  C. expanded gradually
  D. shrank progressively
23. After his heart transplant, Tony Huesman ____________.
  A. lived a normal life
  B. received another donated organ
  C. couldn't go back to work
  D. didn't live as long as expected
24. Tony Huesman died in the year of ____________.
  A. 1983                   
  B. 1991
  C. 2006           
  D. 2009
25. Huesman had to receive a heart transplant because ____________.
  A. he had an inherited heart disease
  B. he was born with heart disability
  C. his heart was infected by a virus
  D. his heart was injured in an accident

Questions 26-30 are based on the following passage:
    Watch out! Here comes London Mayor Boris Johnson riding a bicycle from his new bike hire plan. "What we've put in is a new form of public transport. These bikes are going to belong to everybody."
    More than 12,000 people have signed up for the plan. They each receive a key at a cost of three pounds, with costs at one pound for a 24-hour membership, five pounds for seven days, and 45 pounds for an annual membership.
    John Payne, a London teacher who cycles a lot, is among the first to use the system. "It's very comfortable. For people who don't cycle much I think it'll be very useful. But for people who cycle regularly, they are possibly a bit slow. But they're perfect for London streets, very strong. I think they'll be very widely used."
    And Johnson says it's of good value. "I think it's extremely good value. The first half hour is free. If you cycle smart and you cycle around London--most journeys in London take less than half an hour, you can cycle the whole day free." Some 5,000 bikes are currently available at over 300 docking stations (租车点) in central London. Johnson says the city will gradually expand the system. "Clearly one of our ambitions is to make sure that in 2012 when the world comes to London, they will be able to use London hire bikes to go to the Olympic stadiums."
26. Mayor Boris Johnson is riding a bicycle to __________.
  A. go to work
  B. attend a competition
  C. promote his bike hire plan
  D. show his love for cycling
27. The author mentions John Payne as an example of people who ____________.
  A. oppose the bike hire plan
  B. support the bike hire plan
  C. don't cycle much
  D. cycle regularly
28. According to Boris Johnson, one can cycle around London the whole day free ________.
  A. because most journeys take less than half an hour
  B. because the bike hire is free for the f'n'st time
  C. if one can arrange his London tour in a smart way
  D. if one is physically strong enough
29. The bike hire system will ____________.
  A. be expanded to serve the 2012 Olympic Games
  B. be provided free for the 2012 Olympic athletes
  C. benefit from the 2012 Olympic Games
  D. be free of charge for the 2012 Olympic visitors
30. Mayor Boris Johnson is __________ about the future of his bike hire plan.
  A. optimistic               
  B. concerned
  C. uncertain               
  D. excited

Part Three  Cloze
Directions:
    There are ten blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

    I have been very lucky to have won the Nobel Prize twice. It is, of course, very exciting to have such an important  31  of my work, but the real pleasure was in the work itself.
    Scientific research is like an exploration of a voyage of discovery. You are  32  trying out new things that have not been done before. Many of them will lead  33  and you have to try something different, but sometimes an experiment does  34  and tells you something new and that it is really exciting.  35  small the new finding may be, it is great to think "I am the only person who knows this" and then you will have the fun of thinking what this finding will  36  and of deciding what will be the  37  experiment.
    One of the best things about scientific research is that you are always doing something different and it is never  38  . There are good times when things go well and bad times when they  39  . Some people get discouraged at the difficult times, but when I have a failure my policy has always been not to worry but to start planning the next experiment,  40  is always fun.
31. A. recognition                  B. acknowledgement
    C. realization                  D. assessment
32. A. presently    B. repeatedly    C. continually  D. periodically
33. A. anywhere    B. nowhere      C. everywhere    D. somewhere
34. A. work        B. fail          C. begin        D. end
35. A. Somewhat    B. So            C. However      D. How
36. A. result from  B. lie in        C. rely on      D. lead to
37. A. coming      B. next          C. future        D. last
38. A. boring      B. amusing      C. confusing    D. exciting
39. A. will        B. do            C. won't        D. don't
40. A. which        B. that          C. as            D. what

Part Four Dialogue Completion
Directions:
    In this part, there are ten short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that most appropriately suits the conversational context and best completes the dialogue. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
41. SpeakerA: Could you break a 100-dollar bill for me?
  Speaker B: ___________.
  A. OK. How much do you want?
  B. How can I do it, Miss?
  C. Sure. How do you want it? 
  D. Oh, that's inconvenient for me.
42. Speaker A: I'm sorry. The brand of camera you want is not available now.
  Speaker B: ____________.
  A. No use saying sorry. That's a real let down.
  B. I'm truly grateful for your help.
  C. That's a pity. Thank you anyway.
  D. It's just as I've expected.
43. SpeakerA: Peter, I'm awfully sorry. I won't be able to come this Friday.
  Speaker B: What's the matter? _____________.
  A. Nothing wrong, I hope   
  B. I'm really sorry for that
  C. It's all right with me       
  D. You can come some other time
44. Speaker A: Ten dollars for this brand?
  Speaker B: ____________. I got it in a second-hand store.
  A. Oh, yes, wonderful       
  B. Do me a favor
  C. No kidding               
  D. Use your head
45. SpeakerA: I saw your boss was angry with you. What happened?
  Speaker B: __________. He was just in a bad mood.
  A. Nothing in particular     
  B. You said it
  C. Here you go             
  D. I'm quite surprised
46. Speaker A: We have a booking for tonight. The name's Cliff.
  Speaker B: ___________. ...  Yes, that was two single rooms with bath.
  A. I'll take care of you       
  B. Just a moment please
  C. Thank you for coming     
  D. Nice to meet you
47. Speaker A: We're having a few people over for dinner Saturday.______________.
  Speaker B: Oh, thank you. That would be great.
  A. Are you doing anything then?
  B. It'll be a lot of fun.
  C. Have you heard about it?   
  D. We'd love to have you around.
48. Man: Do you have any check-in luggage?
  Woman: ____________. They're heavy. I hope they're not overweight.
  Man: They're just under the maximum weight.
  A. Yes, I'll show you         
  B. Yes, two pieces
  C. Yes, there you are         
  D. Yes, not many
49. Man: How long does the journey take if I go by bus?
  Woman: ____________. I think the Airport Express is your best bet.
  Man: Many thanks.
  A. I don't know yet         
  B. It depends on the traffic
  C. Let me see               
  D. You'll consider the distance
50. Nurse: Mr. White, how about Friday at 9:30?
  Patient: Would you have anything in the afternoon?
  Nurse: Hmm...,  we do have an opening at 4:00.____________.
  A. Would that be good for you?
  B. See you then.
  C. Hope you'll like it.       
  D. Are you sure you can make it?

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